Venerable Shangpa Rinpoche's Homepage

རབ་འབྱམས་ཞིང་གི་རྒྱལ་བའི་ཡུམ་གཅིག་མ། བརྒྱད་གཉིས་ལང་ཚོའི་དཔལ་མངའ་ཐུགས་རྗེའི་གཏེར།
The only mother of infinite land of all glorious Buddha, Possessing treasure of compassion and double eight youthful mien,

བཅོམ་ལྡན་འདས་མ་འགྲོ་བའི་སྐྱབས་དང་མགོན། ཨརྱ་ཏཱ་རེ་ཁྱེད་ལ་སྙིང་ནས་གུས།
Bhagawat, You are the lord and refuge to all living beings, Heartiest respect to you Noble Tara.

 

རང་ཉིད་རང་གི་མགོན་སྐྱབས་མ་ཤེས་པར། རྟག་ཏུ་བདེ་སྐྱིད་སྲུང་སྐྱོབས་གཞན་ལ་རེ།
Oblivious that the self protector and refuge is no other than oneself, Constantly seeking happiness and protection elsewhere,

མི་ཤེས་རྨོངས་པའི་འཛིན་སྟངས་འདི་འདྲ་ན། ད་དུང་འཁོར་བར་ཡུན་རིང་གནས་འདི་སྐྱོ།
Sustaining and grasping such confusion and ignorant views, Sad indeed to remain in this samsara still for further time.

བཀྲ་བའི་ཚོན་གྱིས་བྲིས་འདྲའི་ལྷ་བྱ་ཡིས། ཤིས་པའི་དགེ་ལེགས་འདོད་རྒུའི་དངོས་གྲུབ་འགུགས།
The divine avian of beauty with striking colours like a painting, Summons the accomplishment of every wellness and auspiciousness,

བདེ་སྐྱིད་ལྷ་ཡུལ་འགྲན་པའི་ལོ་གསར་པར། ལེགས་ཚོགས་དཔལ་ཡོན་ཀུན་ལ་འཆར་བར་སྨོན།
The new year that is filled with enchanting heavenly pleasures, I wish you shine with abundant wellness and glory.

ཆོས་ནོར་འདོད་རྒུའི་གཏེར་འཆང་རྨུག་འཛིན་དབང་། འགྲོ་བའི་དབུལ་བ་སེལ་བའི་ཡིད་བཞིན་ནོར།
Lord of Wealth who holds the treasure of dharma and riches, Wish Fulfilling Gem that eliminates poverty of sentient beings,

གང་ཞིག་འདུན་པ་བཟང་པོའི་མཚམས་སྦྱར་ནས། ཁྱོད་ཉིད་བརྟེན་པས་དོན་ཀུན་ལྷུན་གྱིས་འགྲུབ།།
Whoever engages the Sovereign with proper motivation and intention, Fulfills all wishes by relying on him.

སྙིང་རྗེས་དང་དུ་བླང་པའི་ཟང་ཟིང་སྦྱིན། གཞན་དོན་གཙོ་བོར་འཛིན་པའི་སྐྱབས་ཀྱི་སྦྱིན།
Generosity developed via giving materials with love and compassion, Generosity developed via giving protection is of great importance of others,

སྡུག་བསྔལ་དྲུང་ནས་འབྱིན་བྱེད་ཆོས་ཀྱི་སྦྱིན། འཁོར་གསུམ་ལས་འདས་སྦྱིན་པའི་ཕར་ཕྱིན་མཆོག
Generosity developed via giving dharma to cut the root of samsaric sufferings, And the supreme generosity of knowing the three seals (subject, object and action) of emptiness that becomes perfection of generosity (dana paramita).

གཞན་སེམས་དཀྲུགས་པར་བྱེད་པའི་ཆགས་སྡང་དང་། གཞན་མགོ་བསྐོར་བའི་ཚུལ་འཆོས་སྣ་ཚོགས་དང་།
Disturbing the minds of others with attachment and aversion, Fooling others with pretence of virtue,

གཞན་ནོར་བསླུ་བའི་ཁ་གསག་གཏམ་སྙན་རྣམས། གཞན་དོན་ཐར་པའི་བགེགས་ལས་མཐུན་རྐྱེན་མིན།
Getting wealth of others through flatteries, These are not favorable for liberation to benefit others but obstacles to oneself.

དགའ་བ་སྟོང་གི་འབྱུང་གནས་ས་གསུམ་མགོན། ཡུད་ཙམ་མཇལ་བས་དལ་འབྱོར་དོན་ཡོད་བྱེད།
The lord of three realms and the source of immeasurable joy, Become meaningful by the mere glimpse of you,

མཐའ་ཡས་འགྲོ་བའི་མར་གྱུར་ཀརྨ་པ། མི་ཤིགས་རྡོ་རྗེའི་ངོ་བོར་འཚོ་བཞེས་གསོལ།
Karmapa who is the mother of infinite sentient beings, May you remain like a indestructible vajra.

 

སྨྲ་བརྗོད་དབང་ཤེས་མཆོག་ལྡན་མི་ལུས་འདིས། ལོག་རྟོག་ལས་བསྐྱེད་ཕུངས་ཁྲོལ་འབྱུང་བ་མང་།
The human body possessing perfect senses with the ability to communicate, Also has the ability to create many misunderstandings and troubles ensue,

གླེན་ལྐུག་དུད་འགྲོ་སྨྲ་བརྗོད་ཀྱིས་ཕོངས་ཀྱང་། རང་རིག་ཕན་ཚུན་གོ་ནོར་ཆུང་ཞིང་མཐུན།
Yet animals lacking in proper human speech and understanding, Get along splendidly with their own communities with little conflicts.

The History of Losar

 losar-festival losar-dance  losar-offering 

 

Significant incident that leads to the start of Tibetan Losar happened during the 9th Dynasty under the rule of King Drigum Tsenpo. During that period, Tibetans were not Buddhists. They were mainly the followers of Bon, a religion that was quite similar to Shamanism. They lived in nature, and they revered nature, sky, river, lake as God. It was believed that up to the 9th Dynasty, all Tibetan kings were sent by the Gods. They came to the earth using a thin string made of light. In Tibetan, this string is called  དམུ་ཐག (pron: mu-thag), which means divine string. The kings came down to rule the Tibet during the day, and during the night, the light string would come down again allowing the kings to go back to the heaven. At the time of their deaths, the kings used the string to go back to heaven, and the string was pulled back. The king never came down anymore. That would be the end of the king's reign.

However, trouble came during the 9th Dynasty. Drigum Tsenpo was a little bit naughty. He challenged his own ministers and got into arguments with them. The angry king wanted to fight the ministers by sword. The ministers tried to persuaded Drigum Tsenpo not to fight because he was a God while they were only ordinary beings. However, the king insisted to fight, and so they conducted fights with sword. During the fight, the string was accidentally cut off by the sword,  and never came back anymore. Sadly, during the fight, the king was also accidentally killed by the sword. Hence, from the 9th Dynasty onwards, Tibetan kings were mortals. When they passed away, their bodies were left and tombs were erected in memory of them. The first to the eighth kings did not have tombs.

Despite suffering the unfortunate death, Drigum Tsenpo came with a legacy. During his time, he always had an apricot tree nearby wherever he stayed. The tree grew flowers that bloomed during spring. It was usually wonderful time for people. The king then declared that whenever the flower bloomed, they were going to celebrate the time as a new spring. They did not call it Losar at that time, but chidsar (དཔྱིད་གསར་), that literally means new spring. During the time, animals were sacrificed to the God as part of the celebration. People gathered to dance and eat. This is how new year celebration started.

When Tibetan astrology was discovered, people matched the celebration day with the beginning of the year since the dates coincided, and since then chidsar was called losar (ལོ་གསར་), that literally means new year. From the 7th century onwards, Buddhism was prevalent in Tibet. Many people converted to Buddhism. Consequenty, they did not sacrifice animals anymore, performed more prayers and offerings, and celebrated thanksgiving. Changes were made to suit the Buddhist culture, e.g. prayer flags were erected.

template-joomspirit